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Gear measuring machines: types, manufacturers and advantages

Measurement News from Q-Tech

The world of production technology is complex and diverse. Gear measuring machines are becoming increasingly important for quality assurance. These specialized devices play a crucial role in modern manufacturing by helping to ensure the performance and quality of machine elements.

How can gear measuring machines guarantee the quality and performance of machine elements and thus increase efficiency and productivity in the manufacturing industry? Gear measuring machines are high-precision devices for quality assurance of gears and related components. They offer a wide range of functions such as adapted travel paths and automatic probe changing systems. By using them, companies improve product quality and performance, resulting in increased efficiency and productivity.

Definition of gear measuring machines

Gear measuring machines are specialized devices that are used to measure the geometric characteristics of gears. They check the precision and quality of various parameters such as tooth height, tooth width and flank angle.

These machines are an indispensable tool in transmission technology, including the automotive, aviation and heavy industry. They ensure that the gearboxes and gears produced meet the defined specifications and function perfectly in practice.

Gear measuring machines use advanced methods. These include optical and tactile methods in particular. They offer precise measuring accuracy at high speed, making them an indispensable tool in modern production.

Whether you are an engineer looking to ensure the quality of gears or a manufacturer looking to maintain standards, gear measuring machines are an effective solution. They enable a thorough and efficient analysis to detect and correct any misalignments or inaccuracies.

Overview of manufacturers of gear measuring machines

There are a number of renowned manufacturers of gear measuring machines in the world of metrology. Here is a brief overview:

  • Gleason Corporation: As a US company, Gleason is known for its wide range of precision measuring equipment, including state-of-the-art gear measuring machines. Their machines are used worldwide in the automotive, aerospace and heavy industries.

  • Klingelnberg: This German company is an established name in the industry. Klingelnberg's gear measuring machines are known for their robustness, precision and technological innovation.

  • Mahr: Another German manufacturer, Mahr offers a wide range of gear measuring machines. Their portfolio includes a variety of measuring devices, including machines that are characterized by high accuracy and user-friendliness.

  • Mitutoyo: This Japanese company is one of the world's leading manufacturers of precision measuring equipment. Mitutoyo offers gear measuring machines that are known for their quality and reliable functionality.

Note: Each of these manufacturers brings their own strengths and specializations, resulting in a wide range of options for different applications and budgets. This diversity guarantees that users will find the perfect gear measuring machine for their specific needs. 

Gear measurements at Q-Tech

Q-Tech is your partner and expert when it comes to precise and reliable gear measurements. As an experienced measurement service provider, we offer high-quality measurement services that meet the highest standards. We are aware that we are not a manufacturer of gear measuring machines and have therefore specialized in offering gear measurements at the highest level

With our modern technology, including computed tomography (CT), we are able to perform accurate measurements both inside and outside the gears for all types of gears - regardless of whether they are straight, helical or conical. Our services are particularly valuable in the development of high-performance gears, as the risk of inadequate running smoothness, high wear or expensive failures can already be reduced here.

With high-precision coordinate measuring technology and the special ZEISS GEAR software, Q-Tech offers a measuring method that precisely detects geometric deviations on your gears. Our comprehensive measurements include all external and internal gears and are suitable for various types of gears.

Furthermore, our services are particularly beneficial for the inspection of gears - a traditionally complex field of engineering. Our gear measurements using computer tomography offer a flexible and fast inspection tool that allows even hidden surfaces to be inspected. In particular, soft materials such as plastic gears can be inspected without damage.

With Q-Tech as your trusted measurement service provider, you can say goodbye to hidden gear deviations and receive meaningful measurement results during the development of your high-precision gears. Find out more about our services and how we can help you to make your processes more efficient and cost-effective.

Types of gear measuring machines

In the world of metrology, there are different types of gear measuring machines that play to their strengths depending on the requirements and applications. They vary in terms of functionality, precision and the type of gears they can measure. Below we will take a closer look at some of these types to give you a better overview of the different options available to you.

Counterholder type

The counterholder type is a common category of gear measuring machines that is characterized by its special mode of operation. In these machines, the gear to be tested is mounted on an axis while an opposing counterholder scans the gear profiles with a probe or sensor.

This system allows precise measurement of the geometry and position of the teeth in relation to the gear axis. In this way, gearing errors, such as flank deviations or uneven tooth heights, can be reliably identified and localized.

Counterholder-type gear measuring machines are suitable for both external and internal gears and can measure a wide range of gears - regardless of their size, shape or material. They are primarily used in industries where high precision and accuracy are required, such as the automotive and aerospace industries.

Choosing the right gear measuring machine depends on many factors, including the specific requirements of your project and the type of gears to be measured. The counterholder type offers a flexible and precise solution for many different applications.

High-precision mechanics Type

The high-precision mechanics type of gear measuring machine is known for its extremely high precision and accuracy and is particularly suitable for complex measuring tasks with very tight tolerances. These machines are based on precision mechanical and optical components that are capable of detecting and displaying the smallest deviations.

Optical measuring systems, such as cameras or laser sensors, which record an image of the gear geometry and transmit it to an evaluation unit, are usually central to the operation of these machines. This digital measurement data is then compared with the corresponding target values to determine any deviations.

High-precision mechanics-type gear measuring machines are particularly suitable for fine-toothed or tiny gears used in watches, precision engineering or medical technology. However, they are also used in large-scale production, for example in the automotive industry, when high precision and reproducible measurement results are required.

With their help, highly accurate and repeatable measurements can be carried out, making even the finest details and slightest deviations visible. Thanks to their sophisticated technology and high degree of precision, they play a decisive role in quality assurance and process optimization in many industrial sectors.

As with all machines, choosing the right type is a question of specific requirements and budget. However, the high-precision mechanics type offers a reliable option when maximum precision and accuracy are required.

Longer counterholder type

The longer counterholder type of gear measuring machines is a specialized variant of the counterholder type machines developed for specific applications. These machines are specifically designed to measure very long and large gears that cannot be accommodated by standard machines.

These gear measuring machines use a similar method to the classic counterholder type, with a probe or sensor scanning the gear profiles. The main difference, however, is the size of the counterholder, which is extended to accommodate measuring objects with a larger diameter.

They are particularly advantageous in industries that work with large gears, such as shipbuilding, the wind power industry or heavy industry. These gear measuring machines can measure a variety of external and internal gears and offer a high degree of flexibility in terms of the size and shape of the gears.

Despite their ability to handle larger gears, longer counterholder-type gear measuring machines still guarantee high accuracy and precision, making them a valuable resource for industries that depend on reliability and quality.

As with all gear measuring machines, it is important to choose the right type for your specific requirements. However, if you are working with larger gears, the longer counterholder type could be just right for your applications. 

Permanent precision Type

Gear measuring machines of this type are characterized by their ability to deliver consistently accurate and reliable measurement results over long periods of time. These machines are designed to ensure consistently high precision even under difficult conditions or over long periods of use.

These machines are equipped with high-quality components and systems that are specially designed for long-term operation. These generally include robust mechanical components, high-quality measuring systems and advanced software algorithms that ensure lasting accuracy and reliability.

Gear measuring machines of this type are particularly useful in industries where long-term reliability and accuracy are crucial. This includes series production in the automotive and aerospace industries, as well as specialized applications such as the production of precision components for medical devices or precision mechanical components.

A key advantage of these machines is their ability to deliver consistent measurement results over long periods of time without the need for regular calibrations or adjustments. This can significantly increase efficiency and productivity in production and reduce costs at the same time.

With their high consistency and accuracy, gear measuring machines of this type are an excellent choice for any application that requires consistent and long-term precision.

Advantages of gear measuring machines

Gear measuring machines perform important processes for many industries that rely on precise and efficient measuring systems to ensure the quality and function of their products. They offer a range of benefits, from increased accuracy to improved production speed. Below we look at some of these benefits in more detail.

Precise measuring systems

One of the main features that makes gear measuring machines so valuable is their ability to perform very precise measurements. With these machines, companies can measure the exact dimensions, shapes and positions of teeth on gears. This is crucial to ensure the performance and reliability of gears in their respective applications.

Gear measuring machines use high-precision sensors and software algorithms to ensure that each measurement is made with the greatest possible accuracy. This accuracy is crucial to ensure that the products meet the specific requirements and standards of the industry.

The high precision of these measuring systems helps to minimize deviations and errors in production, which in turn leads to higher quality end products and improved customer satisfaction. It can also help to reduce grueling rework and scrap, resulting in higher profitability for the company.

Adapted travel paths for different geometries

Another important advantage of gear measuring machines is their ability to create customized travel paths for different geometries. Gears and transmissions often have very specific and complex shapes. Any deviation from these shapes can impair function and performance.

Gear measuring machines are capable of measuring a wide range of geometric properties , including tooth form, tooth height profile, tooth flank line, tooth tip and root diameters and much more. The machines can also perform special measurements such as tooth flank line and tooth flank profile, which are crucial for the correct functioning of gears and transmissions.

By using programmable travel paths, gear measuring machines can adapt the measurements to the specific geometries of the respective gear or transmission. This makes it possible to precisely measure even complex geometries and ensure that all products meet the specific requirements.

Note: Adapted travel paths for different geometries lead to accurate and reliable measurement results, which ultimately contribute to the quality and performance of the end product. This is a key advantage of gear measuring machines and a major reason why they are so widely used in many industries. so widely used in many industries.

Automatic push-button change system

Another notable advantage of gear measuring machines is the automatic probe changing system. In the world of metrology, different measuring tasks often require the use of different probes. It can be time consuming and inefficient to manually switch between different probes, especially when certain production environments require it. 

This is where automatic push-button change systems come into play. They make it quick and easy to switch between different probes without the need for manual intervention. This not only improves the efficiency of the measuring process, but also reduces the likelihood of errors during the entire process .

The automatic stylus changing system can also help to extend the service life of the styli by minimizing the risk of damage caused by improper handling. This in turn can lead to an improvement in overall production costs

Lapped granite guides for non-contact guidance

Gear measuring machines are often equipped with lapped granite guides for non-contact guidance. This feature offers several advantages. 

Lapped granite guides are extremely smooth and even. Friction is reduced, which enables more precise and smoother movement of the measuring system. The result is accurate and reliable measurement results.

The non-contact guidance of the machine contributes to the longevity of the equipment. Without the mechanical stress caused by direct contact, the components are subject to less wear and tear. This means that the machine can deliver consistently accurate measurements over a longer period of time.

In addition, non-contact guidance enables faster measurement. Without the delays caused by mechanical friction, the machine can work faster. This increases productivity and efficiency in operation.

Lapped granite guides for non-contact guiding are an outstanding feature of gear measuring machines. They contribute to the precision, speed and durability of the machines and help companies to improve their product quality and operational efficiency.

Customized thermal profile for tactile measurements

Another important advantage of gear measuring machines is the ability to create a customized thermal profile for tactile measurements. Temperature fluctuations can have a significant impact on the precision of measurements. It is therefore important that measuring machines are able to take these fluctuations into account.

Gear measuring machines are usually equipped with advanced thermal compensation systems that can detect and automatically compensate for temperature changes. These systems can create a thermal profile of the machine and use this information to correct the measurement results accordingly. In this way, companies can be sure that their measurements remain accurate even under changing operating conditions.

A customized thermal profile is particularly useful for tactile measurements where the probe is in direct contact with the measurement object. As the heat transfer between the probe and the object can influence the measurement results, the thermal profile helps to minimize such effects.


Gear measuring machines are a cornerstone of modern production technology, ensuring the quality and performance of machine elements. Manufacturers such as Gleason, Mahr and Klingelnberg offer high-precision devices that provide a variety of functions for a wide range of requirements. Q-Tech stands out as a service provider that uses high-precision coordinate measuring technology from ZEISS to ensure meaningful gear measurements during the development of new, precise gears and provides high-quality measuring services in the process. 

Different types of gear measuring machines, such as the counterholder type, the high-precision mechanics type or the high-precision type, offer tailor-made solutions for different measuring tasks. They provide decisive advantages such as precise measuring systems, adapted travel paths for different geometries, automatic probe changing systems and customer-specific thermal profiles.

By using gear measuring machines, companies in the manufacturing industry can significantly increase their product quality and operational efficiency. It is therefore not surprising that this technology is becoming increasingly important in modern production.